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History of Johnston Island

Information about the history of Johnston Island in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands.

1700's

1796: Joseph Pierpoint's ship "Sally" ran aground

1700's

1807: Cornwallis crew named atoll after captain Charles J. Johnston

1920's

1926: Johnston Island Reservation established as a bird refuge

1930's

1934-2004: Atoll was under U.S. military control
1935: Construction of a seaplane base was begun on Sand Island
1935: Construction of an airfield was begun on Johnston Island

1940's

1940: Reservation renamed the Johnston Island National Wildlife Refuge
1941: Johnston Island Naval Defense Sea Area was designated
1941: Johnston Island Naval Airspace Reservation was designated
1941-1945: World War II
1948: U.S. Airforce assumed control of the Johnston Atoll

1950's

1957 - 1992: Coast Guard Mission
1958-1963: Nuclear Weapons test site

1960's

1962-1975: Anti Satellite Mission
1965: Biological warfare test site

1970's

1972-1977: Chemical weapons storage site
1972-1977: Agent Orange storage site

1980's

1985: Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System construction

1990's

1990-2000: Chemical weapons demilitarization mission
1993: Full Scale disposal operations began

2000's

2003: Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System demolished
2004: Last flight out for military personnel
2005: Atoll offered for sale by U.S. Govt for residence or eco-tourism
2006: Johnston Island struck by Hurricane Ioke
2007: U.S. Coast Guard cleared debris off Johnston Island runway
2010: Survey team identified swarm of destructive Anoploleis ants
2013: Efforts had eradicated most of the ants



About Johnston Island

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