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Johnston Atoll in the Pacific Ocean

The Johnston Atoll is located in the Pacific Ocean and it is situated between the Hawaiian Islands and the Line islands. It is one of the most isolated atolls in the world.
Map of the Johnston Atoll in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands

Today Johnston Island is a United States national wildlife refuge but it was under miliary control between 1934-2004. During that time it was used as a naval refueling depot, a testing ground for nuclear and biological weapons, a space recovery location, a secret missile base and as a storage and disposal site for chemical weapons and the Agent Orange herbacide.

Facts About the Johnston Atoll
ENGLISH NAME: Johnston Atoll
HAWAIIAN NAME: Kalama Atoll
NAMED AFTER: Charles J. Johnston, captain of the brig Sally
STATUS: Unincorporated Territory of the United States
ADMINISTERED BY: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
LONGITUDE: -169° 31' 26.40" W
LATITUDE: 16° 44' 13.20" N
SITUATED: Between Hawaiian Islands and the Line Islands
BODY OF WATER: Pacific Ocean

Islands of the Johnston Atoll
Two of the atoll's islands are natural Islands (Johnston and Sand) and both of them were designated a U.S. federal bird reserve in 1926. The other two islands i the atoll were man-made by dredging. By 1964, military dredge and fill operations had increased the size of Johnston Island to 596 acres from its original 46 acres, and increased Sand Island from 10 to 22 acres. The dredging efforts also added two new islands, 25 acre North Island and 18 acre East Island.
- Johnston Island | 1942: 19 ha | 1964 size: 241 ha |
- Sand Island | 1942: 4 ha | 1964: 9 ha |
- North Island | 1942: 0 ha | 1964: 10 ha | (aka "Akau")
- East island | 1942: 0 ha | 1964: 7 ha | (aka "Hikina")
- Plus a marginal, emergent reef on the northwest side

Johnston Atoll National Wildlife Refuge

History of the Johnston Atoll

Articles About the Johnston Atoll

Johnston Island Air Force Base (closed in 2005)
Wikipedia Article
Urban Ghost Media Article



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