United States Annexation of Hawaii
The 1898 Annexation Ceremony in Honolulu
During the 1800's it became clear to the United States
that Hawaii was becoming more important as a commercial
export resource and as a strategic location for defense
in the Pacific region. The United States was also becoming
concerned about the possibility that Hawaii might
become part of a European nation's empire, possibly
Great Britain or France. When Queen Liliuokalani proposed
a new Hawaiian constitution 1893, that would restore
the power of the Hawaiian monarchy, the United States
became even more concerned. Five years later, on July 7, 1898,
U.S. President McKinley signed a bill which resulted in
the United States Annexing Hawaii.
The Hawaii Annexation or "How to Steal a Kingdom"
From an article by Eurie Chung and Ashwini Mate on the
Web site of the "Asians in America" project:
"The key historical event that allowed for Hawaiian statehood
was the United States-sponsored overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani
in 1893 and subsequent annexation of Hawaii as an American
territory in 1898. Queen Liliuokalani took the throne in
1891, unaware of the fact that she would be the last
monarch of the Hawaiian Kingdom."
U.S. State Department on the Annexation of Hawaii
A description of the events leading up the United
States annexation of Hawaii, from the United States
point of view. From the Web site
of the U.S. Department of State.
The United States Apology to Hawaii
United States Public Law 103-105 was signed by U.S. President
Clinton on November 23, 1993, to acknowledge the 100th anniversary
of the U.S. overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy.
The bill formally apologizes for the role the United States
played in the overthrow of the Hawaiian
Kingdom on January 17, 1893.
Hawaii Annexation Documents
A collection of documents related to the United States
annexation of Hawaii. The collection includes the
"Affairs of Hawaii" Blount Report, the Hawaii
Organic Act, an Anti-Annexation Petition, and other
document related to the U.S. annexation of Hawaii.
From the Web site of the University of Hawaii.
Hawaii Annexation Timeline
A timeline of the events leading up to the
United States annexation of Hawaii, on the
"Perspectives on Hawaiian Sovereignty" Web site.
Covers the period between March 1897 and December 1898.
Overthrow and Annexation: A Bibliography
These materials related to the Overthrow of the Hawaiian
Kingdon and the United States Annexation
of Hawaii are available in the Hawaii and Pacific Section
of the Hawaii State Library at 478 South King Street in
the historic capitol district of Downtown Honolulu.
History of Hawaii
Islands of Hawaii
Hawaii for Visitors
A NOTE FROM KATHIE: If you have any corrections or updates to the information on
this page or if you would like us to add any information or
links, please send a message to the email
address on our